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Interest rates are constantly in the news, and we all know they have an important effect on the economy and our personal finances; but, the bewildering array of interest rates can become confusing. This is hopefully a simplified guide to how interest rates affect the...

Tejvan Pettinger Readers Question: Does inflation causes unemployment? There are a few different scenarios where inflation can cause unemployment. However, there is not a direct link. Often we will notice a trade-off between inflation and unemployment – e.g. in a period of strong economic growth and falling...

The fundamental economic problem is a scarcity of resources. Definition of efficiency Efficiency is concerned with the optimal production and distribution of these scarce resources. There are different types of efficiency 1. Productive efficiency This occurs when the maximum number of goods and services are produced with a given amount...

Definition of fiscal policy. Fiscal policy involves the government changing the levels of taxation and government spending in order to influence Aggregate Demand (AD) and the level of economic activity. AD is the total level of planned expenditure in an economy (AD = C+ I + G...

Tejvan Pettinger Readers Question: What did Keynes mean by ‘In the Long Run we are all dead’ – From ‘In the Long Run we are all dead’ For Keynes, the short run was important and due to the instability of the macro economy, government intervention may be...

Tejvan Pettinger Readers Question: What factors determine the wage that someone receives? Basic economic theory suggests that wages depend on a worker’s marginal revenue productMRP. (this is basically the value that they add to the firm which employs them.) MRP is determined by two factors: MPP – Marginal physical product...