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Tejvan Pettinger Definition of balanced growth: Balanced growth refers to a specific type of economic growth that is sustainable in the long term. It is sustainable in terms of low inflation, the environment and balanced between different sectors of the economy such as exports and retail...

After the first European recession in 2009, the EU is heading back into another recession only three years later. But, this recession is much more worrying. There is less room for maneouvre, attempts to solve the debt crisis have failed, and have left countries with...

Tejvan Pettinger The Life-cycle hypothesis was developed by Franco Modigliani in 1957. The theory states that individuals seek to smooth consumption over the course of a lifetime – borrowing in times of low-income and saving during periods of high income. Graph shows individuals save from 20 to...

Readers Question: Could you give a summary of Keynesian and Classical views? Summary Classical economics emphasises the fact that free markets lead to an efficient outcome and are self-regulating.In macroeconomics, classical economics assumes the long run aggregate supply curve is inelastic; therefore any deviation from full employment...

Tejvan Pettinger Government intervention in the labour market to reduce inequality and market failure can take various forms. Minimum wages/living wagesMaximum wages (rarely used)Legislation to prevent discrimination on the grounds of age, sex, religion.Legislation to support or regulate trade unions.Maximum working weekLegislation on health and safetyBehavioural nudges...

Tejvan Pettinger Definition of knowledge economy The sector of the economy which is increasingly based on knowledge-intensive activities, creating a greater reliance on intellectual capital rather than physical inputs. The OECD state the knowledge economy is associated with: High-tech manufacturing (computer, electronics, aerospace),Service sector industries, such as education  healthcare...

Tejvan Pettinger There are several features of eBay which make the market competitive – and perhaps close to the model of perfect competition. Many buyers – thousands of people have access to viewing items listed on eBay. If I sold it in traditional means, smaller numbers of buyers...

Tejvan Pettinger A look at different methods to reduce budget deficits. A budget deficit occurs when a government spending is greater than tax revenues. This leads to an accumulation of public sector debt. If the deficits are unsustainable, this can cause rising bond yields (higher interest...